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Cross-national Comparisons

Durkheim describes cross-national comparisons as equivalent to societal comparisons. “If, instead of seeing in them only separate occurrences, unrelated and to be separately studied, the suicides committed in a given society during a given period of time are taken as a whole, it appears that this total is not simply a sum of independent units, a collective total, but itself a new fact sui generis, with its own unity, individuality and consequently its own nature – a nature, furthermore, dominantly social” (Durkheim 1951, 46).

Total Suicides: Cross-national Comparisons

Death Rates and Ratios